Anxiety disorders are common conditions.
Anxiety disorders are distinguished into the following disorders:
When you have selective mutism you speak – more easily but not always – only to people who are very close to you. With selective mutism, you are consistently unable to speak in social situations where it is expected, such as at school, while you do speak in a very safe environment with people close to you. The consequences of not being able to speak are significant for school performance, in education or at work. It may also otherwise interfere with normal social communication.
Separation anxiety disorder
With separation anxiety disorder, you fear being separated from attachment persons. This to an extent that does not suit your stage of development. You are constantly afraid that something bad will happen to your attachments, you are fearful of events that could lead to the loss or separation of attachments, and because of this you display reluctance to leave attachments. You often suffer from nightmares and physical stress symptoms.
Symptoms often develop during childhood although they may continue to be expressed throughout adult life.
In the case of a specific phobia, you experience extreme fear of one particular situation, animal or thing or avoidance of it. Examples include: fear of heights, fear of flying, fear of spiders or the dentist, claustrophobia. This disorder does not involve specific cognitions. Fear and anxiety, or avoidance, are almost always evoked directly by the phobic situation, to an extent that is long-lasting and disproportionate compared to the actual risk.
Social anxiety disorder
When you have a social anxiety disorder, you often come across as very shy. You feel insecure especially in (unfamiliar) company and often blush or tremble. You fear any kind of criticism which makes you overly alert for what will happen in company. In addition, you experience the feeling of not doing well, the fear of being humiliated or rejected or giving offence. The fear of appearing strange and off dominates your behavior. Making contacts is perceived as a huge problem.
Someone with social anxiety disorder fears or avoids social interactions and situations in which there is a chance that others will view them critically. The situations in which social phobia occurs are variable. Examples include: being afraid to talk on the phone, eat in a restaurant, speak in public or meet someone.
With panic disorder, you experience regular panic attacks where you are overcome completely unexpectedly by extreme fear or an intense feeling of unease, which peaks within minutes and is accompanied by physical and/or cognitive symptoms. In addition, you persistently worry or worry about having another panic attack or change your behavior because of the panic attacks. During a panic attack, the feeling of fainting, dying or going crazy prevails, in addition to the feeling of losing control of oneself. A panic attack does not require an immediate trigger.
Agoraphobia is also called fear of the street or agoraphobia. This involves fear of at least two of the following situations: traveling on public transportation, being in open spaces, being in enclosed areas, being in a crowd or standing in line, or being outdoors without company in other situations. The fear of these situations arises because of the thought of not being able to get away properly and not getting help if something were to happen. When you have street fear you often avoid the above situations or only move in the company of someone else because on your own you feel terribly afraid and defenseless and can be overcome by panic. Some people with agoraphobia do not dare to stay home alone.
When you suffer from generalized-anxiety disorder, you have prolonged severe anxiety about things that are part of everyday life. You experience difficulty controlling things like money, health and performing at school or work when there is no reason to do so. You fret, experience anxious premonitions, you are often gloomy and overprotective. In addition, you experience physical symptoms such as restlessness or feeling tense or turned on; difficulty concentrating or not being able to get onto something; irritability; getting tired quickly; disturbed sleep and muscle tension.